Alaska Sea Grant

Alaska Seas and Watersheds Curriculum

Formative Assessment Probes

The brief, formative assessment resources included with these units are called "assessment probes." They are called "probes" because they are designed to probe and uncover student thinking. Teacher and researcher Page Keeley has written extensively about the probes as part of the Curriculum Topic Study approach to analyzing science and mathematics topics. See the Curriculum Topic Study website for more information. 

These probes are designed to be used diagnostically and formatively. They are intended to help you to tap into students' thinking about particular science topics -- topics that are identified by the National Science Education Standards as significant and developmentally appropriate for the target age level of the unit. While they are intended to sample students' thinking (and to probe for common misconceptions), they are NOT intended to measure what students have learned as a result of the unit content. We encourage you to use these tools--and to develop your own--to better understand each student's development as a learner, and to modify your teaching accordingly.
Ongoing assessment throughout the investigations is important for several reasons. It can reveal when students are confused or have misunderstandings, need more time to investigate, or need more explanation. You can tailor the investigations to meet the needs of your students, and change direction whenever necessary. Frequent assessment does not have to time-consuming or tedious. A quick assessment can give you a lot of information about student comprehension and understanding.

Other Formative Assessment Ideas:

Science Notebooks. If you have asked students to reflect on an investigation, or respond to a question prompt, a quick look at these notebook entries can give you a good idea of where students are in their understanding of a topic. Some prompts that students can respond to in their notebooks are:
What questions do you need to have answered to fully understand where we are going in this investigation?
List three things you learned today, that you didn’t know before.
What was the most important point of our activity in class today?
What was the most surprising idea or concept?
What was the muddiest point of the activity?
What did you learn about _____ today?
How can I help you learn the concept that is giving you the most trouble?
On a scale of 1 through 5 (or 10), with 5 (or 10) being the highest level, how would you rate your understanding of the concepts introduced in today’s activity?

3-2-1 Response. As a quick and useful assessment tool, try using a 3-2-1 response with your students. There are several varieties of this strategy. Students can write responses in their science notebooks, then you can quickly check for understanding.
List 3 new facts or words that you have learned today, 2 ideas or concepts that are new to you, and 1 question you still have.

5-3-1 Response. On your own, identify 5 key ideas, principles or facts. In pairs, share your list and come up with your top 3. At your table, or with another pair of students, identify 1 “MVP” (most valuable point) from today. If you don’t want to use science notebooks for the above questions, students can write their response on a piece of scrap paper and give them to you for review.

Quick Check. Ask students a question to respond to and have everyone write their answer on a piece of paper (or small chalkboard or dry-erase board). They can then hold up their answer at the same time, for you to see.

Multiple Choice Quick Check. Each student is given (or students can make) a set of four cards labeled A, B, C, and D. Ask a multiple choice question, giving students all options. Students each hold up the card that corresponds with the correct answer. At a glance, you can see which students may not fully understand the concept. If students do not have cards, use the numbers 1, 2, 3, and 4 as your options, and have students hold up the number of fingers that corresponds to the correct answer.

For more information and ideas about formative assessment, check these resources:
The Concept of Formative Assessment Carol Boston

The Value of Formative Assessment

Performance Assessment
These units have been designed around essential questions and enduring understandings. The essential question(s) frame the unit. The enduring understandings are what we want students to walk away with at the end of the unit. We have purposely excluded paper and pencil tests in the evaluation phases of the investigations. Instead, we have included activities/performances that allow students to show evidence that they can explain and/or apply their knowledge and understanding in authentic ways. Each unit of the Alaska Seas and Watersheds curriculum has a culminating activity that provides an opportunity for students to demonstrate understanding.

For more information about authentic or performance assessment, take a look at these resources:Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD)
Articles and videos related to performance assessment

Authentic Assessment Toolbox

The Case for Authentic Assessment by Grant Wiggins

For help developing performance assessment inquiry tasks, scoring rubrics, anchor papers along with tips to make it more manageabl mplement new standards and this approach to assessment. see Science Exemplars.

Events and Announcements

Get Your Feet Wet

April 1 - May 31

Celebrate and share your local event with other Alaskan teachers and students! We'll send you and your students a certificate of accomplishment and place them on the Alaska Sea Grant honor roll if they complete a clean-up or other type of stewardship project. xx

Register here

Alaska Seas and Watersheds teaching resources and activity ideas for field trips and stewardship projects are available for all grade levels along with new NGSS-aligned lesson plans and units for field trips and the use of drones and submersibles to collect environmental data.

Coming Soon!

A collection of teaching resources for the Northern Gulf of Alaska Long-Term Ecological Research Project area and a link to resources for teaching about ocean acidification.

Professional Development

Alaska Sea Grant provides professional development in a variety of formats. Onsite in-service presentations and workshops are provided free-of-charge as an opportunity for Alaska K-8 teachers and informal educators to learn about our award-winning, Alaska-relevant curriculum materials and other educational resources.  Graduate-level courses can also be provided for the cost of Continuing Education Credits through the University of Alaska.

More information

Professional development

Grants to Alaska Schools

Since its beginnings during the 2014–2015 school year, the Alaska Sea Grant school grant program has provided more than $100,000 to 10 Alaska school districts to increase local marine and aquatic education in 22 communities. The three-year, $10,000 grants have supported science curriculum revisions, development of NGSS-aligned lesson plans and units, field trip transportation, and the purchase of equipment and supplies.

If you are an Alaska teacher or administrator, contact us to get on the email list for the next announcement for a Request for Proposals.

anchoragewetlandsStudents explore and collect data in Westchester Lagoon, the outlet to Chester Creek. Alaska Sea Grant funds support a watershed education field trip program for more than 250 Anchorage School District students.
Alaska Sea Grant University of Alaska Fairbanks Alaska Department of Education and Early Development NOAA

Photographs courtesy of Reid Brewer, Verena Gill, Heloise Chenelot, Stephen Trumble, and David Menke.

The contents of this website were developed with the assistance of Title II, Part B, Mathematics and Science Partnership Program federal funds from the Alaska Department of Education & Early Development. However, these contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education & Early Development, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.

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The University of Alaska Fairbanks is an AA/EO employer and educational institution and prohibits illegal discrimination against any individual: Learn more about UA's notice of nondiscrimination.