Investigation 5 - Make Your Own Watershed
|Class Time Required||3 - 4 class periods
|Teacher Preparation||Gather a variety of materials for students to use as they create their representation of a watershed.|
|Prior Student Knowledge||Students will be demonstrating the knowledge they acquired about watersheds and salmon habitat in Investigations 1-4.|
|Science GLEs Addressed||
2nd grade: SB2, SC2, SC3, SD1
3rd grade: SA1.1, SA1.2, SA2.1, SA3.1, SD2.1, SG4.1
4th grade: SA1.1, SA1.2, SA 2.1, SA3.1, SC1.1, SC2.2, SC3.1
|Other GLEs Addressed|
Overview: Students demonstrate their understanding of watersheds and the salmon's journey by building and describing a model of a watershed that could produce salmon. They write narrative stories about the journey of a salmon through their personal watershed, and explain and present to the class.
What are the components of a watershed that can support salmon?
Engagement: (20-30 minutes)
Reflect on the field trip, and/or read a book about salmon, then review students’ knowledge of the components of a watershed and the conditions that support salmon in a watershed. Write these on the board, on chart paper, or have students record them in their science notebooks. You may use these items to create a scoring guide for their watersheds. Tell students they will be creating a representation of a watershed that can support salmon. They may choose the manner in which they create the watershed. They might choose to create a 3-D model, painting or drawing, poster, diorama, computer drawing or animation, PowerPoint presentation, or something else. Ask them to be thinking about their creation and to bring any special materials they may need (moss, sticks, gravel, etc).
Exploration: (2 class periods)
Allow 2 class periods for students to create their representation of a watershed that can support salmon. During class or as homework, have them write a story of the journey of a salmon through their watershed.
Explanation: (1 class period)
Have the students share their watersheds, explain how they have shown that their watershed can support salmon, and read their story.
Have students share their watersheds with parents, community members, other classes, etc. Explaining the parts of the watershed and the salmon's journey through it will help strengthen their understanding.
Understanding can be assessed as students explain and present their watersheds and read their story. You can use the requirements brainstormed in the engagement section of this investigation as a rubric.
Tips from Teachers
When students are asked to write a story of the salmon’s journey, a jigsaw format with individuals writing for just one stage might save time and increase quality.
- Additional presentation possibilities might be:
Gather materials for students to use to create their representation of a watershed.
Purchase or have students bring in baking trays or shallow planting trays (leak proof) for students who will make a model watershed.
Gather paints, glue, paper, etc. for students who may choose to paint a watershed, create a diorama, or other representation.
A class book and a nice reflection of the work that was done can be created by taking a photo of each model and printing out the salmon story to attach to the photo.
Language Arts. Students may write a poem (haiku, diamante, etc.) to accompany the watershed.
Criteria for watersheds that was created during Engagement part of this investigation
|Items for Group Display||
A variety of materials for students to use to create their watersheds
9” x 12” aluminum baking pans, plastic trays, or shallow planting trays, clay, glue, play dough, or salt dough clay
Student-collected gravel, twigs, grasses
Watercolor paints, brushes, and paper
Construction paper, scissors, glue
Place to present watersheds
Alaska Science Grade Level Expectations Addressed:
2nd Grade Standards Addressed:
Concepts of Physical Science
SB2 Students develop an understanding that energy appears in different forms, can be transformed from one form to another, can be transferred or moved from one places or system to another, may be unavailable for use, and is ultimately conserved.
Concepts of Life Science
SC Students develop an understanding of the concepts, models, theories, facts, evidence, systems, and processes of life science.
SC2 Students develop an understanding of the structure, function, behavior, development, life cycles, and diversity of living organisms.
SC3 Students develop an understanding that all organisms are linked to each other and their physical environments through the transfer and transformation of matter and energy.
Concepts of Earth Science
SD Students develop an understanding of the concepts, processes, theories, models, evidence, and
systems of earth and space sciences.
SD1 Students develop an understanding of Earth’s geochemical cycles.
3rd Grade GLEs Addressed:
The student develops an understanding of the processes of science by:
 SA1.1 asking questions, predicting, observing, describing, measuring, classifying, making generalizations, inferring and communicating.
 SA1.2 observing and describing their world to answer simple questions.
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the attitudes and approaches to scientific inquiry by:
 SA2.1 answering, “how do you know?” questions with reasonable answers.
The student demonstrates an understanding that interactions with the environment provide an opportunity for understanding scientific concepts by:
 SA3.1 observing local conditions that determine which plants and/or animals survive. (L)
The student demonstrates an understanding of the forces that shape Earth by
 SD2.1 identifying and comparing a variety of Earth’s land features (i.e., rivers, deltas, lakes, glaciers, mountains, valleys, and islands)
The student demonstrates an understanding that advancements in science depend on curiosity, creativity, imagination, and a broad knowledge base by:
 SG4.1 asking questions about the natural world.
4th Grade GLEs Addressed:
The student demonstrates an understanding of the processes of science by
 SA1.1 asking questions, predicting, observing, describing, measuring, classifying, making generalizations, inferring, and communicating*
 SA1.2 observing, measuring, and collecting data from explorations and using this information to classify, predict, and communicate
The student demonstrates an understanding of the attitudes and approaches to scientific
 SA2.1 supporting the student’s own ideas with observations and peer review (L)
The student demonstrates an understanding that interactions with the environment provide an opportunity for understanding scientific concepts by
 SA3.1 identifying the local limiting factors (e.g., weather, human influence, species interactions) that determine which plants and/or animals survive (L)
The student demonstrates an understanding of how science explains changes in life forms over time, including genetics, heredity, the process of natural selection, and biological evolution by
 SC1.1 showing the relationship between physical characteristics of Alaskan organisms and the environment in which they live.
The student demonstrates an understanding of the structure, function, behavior, development, life cycles, and diversity of living organisms by
 SC2.2 describing the basic characteristics and requirements of living things.
The student demonstrates an understanding that all organisms are linked to each other and their physical environments through the transfer and transformation of matter and energy by
 SC3.1 identifying examples of living and non-living things and the relationship between them (e.g., living things need water, herbivores need plants).